Interational Police Association Kirov Russian Federation
in partnership with www.poliziaineuropa.eu
Colonnel Vladimir Kisluhin amd IPA President Nikolai Koschejev
Vladimir Alexandrovich Kislukhin, Doctor of Law of the Nizhny Novgorod Law Academy of Interior, Kirov Branch, Colonel of Police, Member of IPA
The cooperation of Law-Enforcement Bodies in Different Countries within the limits of the International Police Association
The confrontation of the society and criminality lasts for many thousands years. The more mankind follows the way of progress the deeper it is absorbed in the abyss of economic cataclysms, social conflicts, and international problems. And the higher international criminality rises because of mankind catastrophes.
In its fight against the crime globalization the world society unites the efforts of different countries to work out more effective organizational and legal measures to struggle against terrorism, illegal drug distribution, trade in arms and people, investment law violations, and other organized crimes.
The international science and law enforcement practice have concluded that it is necessary to synthesize various means of influence upon transnational criminality factors, their elimination and prohibition. The international police cooperation is considered to be one of the components which the interactive countries use in their fight against criminality.
At present such a cooperation of law enforcement bodies in different countries is fulfilled in the following directions: to render legal help in the investigation of criminal cases, to exchange the advanced experience of law-enforcement activities, to train policemen to fight against criminality on the suprastate scale, to work out other measures to confront the international evil.
The cooperation of the world police states is carried out both within the limits of the interstate and intergovernmental organizations such as U.N.O., Interpol, Europol, and in the format of public, nongovernmental, professional unions. The International Police Association (IPA) is one of such forms of international communication, cooperation based on the professional activity. Today IPA is the world biggest organization of policemen and civil agents of police (militia). It counts more than 300 thousand people in 64 countries. IPA is the only professional organization on the Earth which unites policemen regardless of their post, duty station, language he or she speaks, racial and religion belonging, ideological views.
The Kirov department of IPA Russian Section was founded on August 28, 2003 during the conference in Kirov. It was participated by 17 delegates and 11 subdivisions of the Kirov Militia. The minutes of the constituent conference and the petition to enter the Russian section of IPA were sent to Moscow to the National executive committee of RS IPA. Lieutenant-general Alexey Rozuvan, Head of the Region Administration of the Interior, was elected the President of the regional department. And in March 2006 Alexey Rozuvan, at present the Deputy of the State Duma Federal Assembly of RF, member of the Security Committee of the State Duma, delegated his responsibilities to Nikolay Koshcheev. Not long ago Nikolay Koshcheev was the Head of the Regional Department of the Organized Crime Control. He spent many years in fighting against drug distribution, gangsterism, coinage offence, and other socially-dangerous acts on the Russian Federation territory as well as in neighbouring and distant countries.
The department of IPA on Vyatka appeared indeed owing to the initiative and inexhaustible energy of militia colonel Nikolay Koshcheev. The Kirov militia officers that within the frames of IPA activities visited Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, compare Koshcheev with the Russian emperor-reformer Peter I who “opened the window into Europe”.
Thanks to the Association the employees of law-enforcement bodies now can associate easily with their foreign colleagues, exchange the advanced experience of struggling against criminality, come to European countries to get professional knowledge, to share their cultural values, to partake in sport competitions.
The members of the Kirov region RS IPA keep in close touch with the representatives of the German police. The colleagues from Germany, also members of IPA, presented 70 computer screens to the Kirov militiamen to help them to improve the technical equipment of the Interior subdivisions. The British IPA policemen gave a minibus, computers, office equipment at the cost of more than 10 thousand pounds as a present to the Kirov Branch of the Juridical College IPA.
Some officers of the Interior of the Kirov Region were professionally retrained in Germany to struggle against terrorism, organized criminality and drug distribution. The training was held in the medieval castle Gimborn, the most beautiful place on Earth - the North Rhine - Westphalia. The theoretical knowledge that the workers of the Kirov militia obtained in Germany, such as Methods of verification purchases of drugs, collecting of demonstrative base against of drug-dealers, other means of operational working are effectively used in the fight against drug trade in the Vyatka Region.
There was a seminar in Kirov - meeting of the embassy secretaries, police attaché, other diplomatic representatives from 13 world countries. These were accredited in Russian Federation specialists responsible for cooperation with Russian law-enforcement bodies. The result of the seminar was the mutual assistance agreement of law-enforcement bodies of the countries-participants including the exigent cases to solve questions of fight against international criminality both on official demands and based on private contact.
Sport ties of the Kirov militia and foreign police are also strengthened. Annually since 2003 the sportsmen team from different subdivisions of the Interior Administration moves to the Netherlands to take part in the International Police Soccer Tournament which is held since 1982 under the aegis of IPA. In October 2005, 11 teams from 35 world countries participated in the tournament. The Kirov militiamen in their stubborn struggle with the foreign policemen took the 9th honorable place. And already in a year our sportsmen managed to reach triumph - they yielded only to St. Petersburg team when they took the second place among 114 teams from 38 countries. The same result was in 2007 Championship.
The stuff of the instruction by correspondence of the Kirov branch of the Nizhny Novgorod Law Academy of Russian Interior (in September 2006 the Branch celebrated its 10th Birthday) also partake actively in the activities held by IPA Russian section. They are the head of the boarding school in Novovyatsk region of Kirov; they visit the children, make presents for them, bring books, make speeches on law topics in front of the children.
The administration of the Kirov branch of the Nizhny Novgorod Law Academy invited foreign policemen - IPA members - who delivered their speeches to the audience. These were the chiefs of Criminal Police of Baden-Wuertemberg Land Josef Schaeffer and Juergen Woerner, the Netherland Embassy Juridical department attaché in Russia Ludo Pals, police commissioner of the international relations department (Holland) Harry Engels, policemen training inspectors in London (England) Jim Rogers, John Bennet, sergeant Luisa McCaron. Each of them told about life and work of the policemen in Germany, Holland and England, shared the experience of struggle against organized criminality in these countries.
A guest from Munich (Germany) Mike Reiprich (IPA member since 1998) told about the help that German police officers get from the International police association. He entered IPA to be socially protected. This organization in Germany performs two tasks: professional and social. The professional character of IPA is that the membership in this organization guarantees career development. To make service advances in Germany a policeman must constantly improve professionally. Toward this end every three years a police officer goes abroad to have practice for three-six months. And IPA chooses the variant places where this person is going to master his knowledge and police experience.
The social role of IPA is that it offers possible pleasure resorts to a policeman on vacation. And in case of the policeman's death the German section IPA helps to minimize the loss of a bread-winner till his family financially rehabilitates.
At present Mike Reiprich is a Polizeiobermeister and stands guard over the German Embassy in Russia.
The graduate of the Kirov branch of the Nizhny Novgorod Law Academy, Militia major Alexander Mikhailov, IPA member, studied in the All-Russian Center for Peace-Maker Training in February 2004 (Moscow region), and then during a year he was carrying out his peace-making mission in the territory of Kosovo (the former part of Yugoslavia). He began his career as a patrol and in April 2005 he was already the Head of the Militia Staff for Public Security at the under-control territory.
Accompanied by his subordinate policemen from the USA, Austria, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Nigeria, Poland and other countries he left for the sites of occurrence: firings of peace loving citizens, grenade detonations in their houses, illegal deforestation and other crimes. When his mission trip was over Militia Major Alexander Mikhailov was invited by his foreign friends to the USA, Austria, Zimbabwe. The international cooperation of policemen in the frames of IPA helps to investigate specific criminal cases.
For instance, at the beginning of 2001 graduate of the Mari-El Radio-Engineering Technical School Vershinin organized a criminal group of 5 people to enrich himself. On behalf of Russian women he was in love-marriage correspondence on the Internet with the USA citizens who wanted to marry a Russian girl. He as if being a Russian lady informed his American respondents that she agrees to visit her potential fiancé and go to the USA but she is short of money to obtain the visa and a plane ticket. Thus Vershinin with his delinquents swindled “American bridegrooms”.
All in all during the period of March 2001-May 2002 this criminal group got through the system of money order “Western Union” from 172 USA citizens about 87,348 US Dollars in banks of Kirov and Perm.
As it was necessary to question 172 victims, foreign citizens, constantly living in the USA the international message for legal redress was sent to the relevant authorities of the USA. Because of the official circumlocution that some of the instances of the Ministry of Internal Affairs RF and General Office of Public Prosecutor create, this message was received by the US authorities only in half a year.
To speed up the process, Nikolay Koshcheev had to use his personal contacts and ask for a help his old friend, member of IPA, Frank Hellmuth, officer of the German Criminal Police Federal Department. And he, in his turn, asked his colleagues of the USA Embassy in Moscow to expedite the fulfillment of the task for Kirovites. And only this way they managed to get the investigation of this case moving forward. As a result the Investigation Department of the Administration of Domestic Affairs of the Kirov region received the investigation action protocols performed by the USA FBI officers. Among them there were those with the victims' testimonies stating that they suffered being robbed.
Hence thanks to personal contacts of IPA members they rendered invaluable help to the Kirov militia to discover this complicated criminal case.
At the present moment the members of the criminal group are convicted for swindling and put into prison for different numbers of years.
Thus the police cooperation within IPA enables to fight criminality much more effectively, to improve peopleware, informational basis and hardware of the Interior bodies of Russia.
And notwithstanding that IPA is a free-will public organization, in the present system of new international relations the policemen cooperation within its frames promises to be longlasting.
To Nikolay Koshcheev's mind, people in modern Russia unite mainly on the party and career basis. IPA is not a political organization. Being its member does not give Russian people any financial or short-term dividends. That is why the Association is a group of people who are not mercantile but unselfish. For many of them the main point is conveyed in the organization motto “SERVO PER AMIKECO” which means “Service through Friendship”.